Category Archives: WDM

Saving Your Fibers By Using CWDM Or DWDM Multiplier

Using a WDM(Wavelength Division Multiplexing) for expanding the capacity of the fiber to carry multiple client interfaces is a highly advisable way as the physical fiber optic cabling is not cheap. As WDM widely used you must not unfamiliar with … Continue reading

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2~18CH CWDM MUX/DEMUX Module from DK Photonics

The key components in a WDM system are the optical wavelength multiplexer (MUX), and the de-multiplexer (DEMUX). In general, a CWDM (coarse WDM) MUX/DEMUX deals with small numbers of wavelengths, typically eight, but with large spans between wavelengths (spaced typically … Continue reading

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Testing Fiber Optic Splitters Or Other Passive Devices

A fiber optic splitter is a device that splits the fiber optic light into several parts by a certain ratio. For example, when a beam of fiber optic light transmitted from a 1X4 equal ratio splitter, it will be divided … Continue reading

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Optical Filters: Filter stacks transmit wide-angle incident light without shifting wavelength(2)

To avoid the problem of color change versus incidence angle in an optical system, thin-film-coated filter elements can be replaced by a filter consisting of a stack of different filter glasses. JASON KECK Wide-angle filter stack apps There is a … Continue reading

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DK Photonics:Huawei to invest over $4 billion in fixed broadband technology in 3 years

Telecom network vendor Huawei on Thursday said it will be investing over $4 billion in fixed broadband (FBB) technology research and development over the next three years. Huawei’s plans to invest significantly in fixed broadband technology reflects a report from Dell’Oro Group … Continue reading

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Ovum: Optical components market to grow 8% in 2014 from $6.8 bn in 2013

The global optical components (OC) market is expected to grow 8 percent in 2014 from $6.8 billion in 2013, said Ovum. In 2013, the OC market increased 3 percent from 2012. Ovum said main growth drivers in 2013 were data … Continue reading

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Fiber Optic Sensors Global Market Forecast- DK Photonics

According to ElectroniCast, the combined use of Continuous Distributed and Point fiber optics sensors will reach $4.33 Billion in 2018… Aptos, CA (USA) – February 14, 2014 —ElectroniCast Consultants, a leading market/technology forecast consultancy, today announced the release of their market … Continue reading

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Fiber Media Converters in Private Datacom Market Forecast (March 2014)

Fiber Media Converters in Private DatacomMarket Forecast (March 2014) According to ElectroniCast, the global use of fiber media converters in private datacom networks is expected to reach $1.29 billion in 2014… Aptos, CA (USA) – March 20, 2014 —ElectroniCast Consultants, a … Continue reading

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WDM-PON technology-DK Photonics

WDM-PON provides the dedicated bandwidth of a point-to-point network and the fiber sharing inherent in PONs. The architecture is somewhat similar to that of EPON and GPON; instead of the power-splitter approach used in TDM-PON architectures, WDM-PON uses an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) filter that separates the wavelengths for individual delivery to the subscriber ONUs (see Figure 1). A simple, plug-and-play implementation is based on wavelength-locked or tunable lasers. Self-tuning “colorless” ONUs can be used at the subscriber sites to simplify inventory and spare-part handling. Colorless optics not only simplify operations, but also reduce deployment costs, since they don’t need the expensive wavelength-stability components that traditional fixed and tunable optics require. There are multiple approaches to the colorless ONU technology. In one approach, the wavelength of the ONU transmitter is controlled by injection of a “seed” signal into the transmitter (e.g., a wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser or reflective semiconductor optical amplifier). The seed signal injected into the transmitter could come from broadband ASE light sliced through the filters in the system or from a DFB laser array. In a self-seeding version of this approach, the seed light is provided by feedback of broadband light from the transmitter itself. The passive filtering of the seed light in the remote node determines the wavelength of the ONU transmitter. In a different approach, the colorless ONU contains a singlemode optic coupler wavelength-tunable laser, which is able to tune to the appropriate wavelength that matches the remote node filter port. Below 10-Gbps channel bit rates, the injection-seeded method provides a cost-efficient approach. As an example, a wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot transmitter can be integrated into an MSA SFP pluggable form-factor module, which enables the use of third-party CPE devices. A modified EDFA gain block in a 70×90 MSA form factor could be used to generate the broadband ASE light that’s used as a seed signal in the system. At 10-Gbps bit rates, tunable-laser technology offers an alternative to the injection-seeded approach. The tunable-laser technology developed for the metro/long-haul market has matured significantly over the past couple of years and is able to give a good cost-per-bit ratio when high capacity is needed. If the WDM-PON system is properly designed, then it’s possible to mix different transmission technologies. By following certain design rules during the installation of the WDM-PON system, it’s possible to allow step-wise channel upgrades to higher bit rates when the demand arises. These design rules ensure that channel OSNR requirements will be met in the presence of reflections and that inter-channel crosstalk is avoided. The result is an open and flexible access network that can support many applications and services over the same infrastructure. WDM-PON thus becomes an optical option for the access network as and where it makes sense. Given its ability to help service providers cope with current bandwidth demands as well as the next potential broadband access bottleneck, WDM-PON/ 100GHz DWDM Module is becoming an important technology to consider in terms of its benefits and market timing. As with any emerging technology, service providers need to consider the optimal strategy for initial deployment of WDM-PON. That includes how they could use WDM-PON for additional network applications as the technology matures and its costs come down.   WDM-PON technology FIGURE 2. Architectural scenario explored in the collaboration between Transmode and Deutsche Telekom Hochschule für Telekommunikation. The latest generations of WDM-PON systems are now gaining traction with operators around the globe for field deployment, lab trials, and evaluations. It’s clearly the early stage of WDM-PON deployments, but progress has started and 2014 looks to be a pivotal year for the technology.

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WDM-PON is a key component in next generation access(1)

Many industry analysts believe that the increasing requirements for bandwidth scalability, quality of service, and support of the emerging traffic patterns required by video and broadcast standards will make copper networks insufficient for many high-bandwidth services in the future. Fiber availability is not universal, and the economics of new fiber deployments are often challenging; nevertheless, fiber will undoubtedly push deeper into access networks to support business services, mobile backhaul/fronthaul, multitenant buildings/fiber to the cabinet, and in some cases fiber to the home (FTTH), too. Yet today‘s fiber-based approaches, including TDM-PON/PLC Splitter and active point-to-point Ethernet, probably won’t meet the likely requirements of the next generation of bandwidth-intensive traffic, either. WDM-PON is a passive optical networking approach — currently being developed by several companies — that can be used to more adequately address these challenges over fiber-based networks. A WDM-PON design can be used to separate optical-network units (ONUs) into several virtual point-to-point connections over the same physical infrastructure, a feature that enables efficient use of fiber compared to point-to-point Ethernet and offers lower latency than TDM-based approaches. A notable advantage of this approach is the combination of high capacity per user, high security, and longer optical reach. WDM-PON therefore is highly suitable for applications such as mobile backhaul or business Ethernet service provision. Thus WDM-PON is poised to become the disruptive next generation access architecture. It will enable high-speed access for businesses, mobile backhaul, and eventually FTTH. WDM-PON also will enable operators to build converged networks and consolidate existing access networks, including potentially eliminating central offices to reduce cost while boosting performance. There are several types of WDM-PON systems under development. They all have in common the use of passive, temperature-hardened DWDM optical filters in the remote node and colorless ONUs. FIGURE 1. Basic WDM-PON architecture. DK Photonics – specializes in designing and manufacturing of high quality optical passive components mainly for telecommunication, fiber sensor and fiber laser applications,such as High Power Isolator,1064nm Components,PM Components,Pump Combiner,Pump Laser Protector,which using for fiber laser applications.Also have Mini-size CWDM, Optical Circulator, PM Circulator,PM Isolator, Fused Coupler,Mini Size Fused WDM.More information,please contact us.

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